BAT and STT Qualification

To become a BAT (Breath Alcohol Technician) or STT (Screening Test Technician) for the DOT, a candidate must be knowledgeable regarding part 40 regulations and agency regulations as they apply to the employers for which alcohol tests will be performed. Successful candidates have to complete a recognized qualification training course, and pass a proficiency demonstration under 49 CFR Part 40.213(b)&(c).

Is Certification Necessary?

The DOT doesn’t offer certification, and it doesn’t require it. BATs and STTs don’t have to be on any specific federally-approved lists; they simply have to be qualified before they do any testing. Law enforcement officers who are certified by local or state governments to administer breath alcohol testing using either an EBT (evidential breath testing device) or an ASD (alcohol screening device) are deemed already to be qualified BATS, and don’t have to complete a training course. Anyone who qualifies at as BAT or STT can work anywhere that the DOT is required to administer alcohol tests – qualifications aren’t site-specific.

What is the Difference bBetween a BAT and an STT?

BATs can conduct screening tests using either an EBT or an ASD, and can also conduct confirmation tests using an EBT. An STT can only conduct screening using an SD. If an STT does a screening test, and the result is a BAC (blood alcohol concentration) of 0.20% or higher, a confirmation test will have to be administered by a BAT using an EBT within 30 minutes.

What is Needed to Qualify?

To qualify as a BAT or STT, the candidate must complete instruction in Part 40 alcohol testing, and demonstrate proficiency in the testing device that he or she will be learning. The instructor must be a qualified STT or BTT who has administered DOT alcohol tests for at least a year, has conducted part 40 STT or BAT training for a year, or passed a “train the trainer” course.

Candidates cannot become BAT or STT certified on a “self-taught” basis. The course material can, however, be delivered online, using computer programs, by video or video conference, or by other DOT approved equivalent means.

If anything other than face-to-face training is employed, the proficiency demonstration has to occur no later than 30 days following training. Until both the qualification and proficiency demonstration are completed, the candidate cannot act as an STT of BAT

The course material may be taught in person, conducted by video, by computer programs, via the internet, by video conference, or by other equivalent means.

The proficiency component consists of successful completion of 5 error-free mock tests for the STT, and 7 for the BAT. These tests mimic a real event, with another person playing the part of the donor, are conducted in real timehr, and must be verified in writing by the instructor to have been error-free. Upon successful completion of the course and proficiency component, the course graduate is typically presented with a certificate indicating that he or she is qualified.

Each BAT or STT must undergo refresher training every five years to remain qualified.



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